SemaphoreHandle_t xSemaphoreCreateCounting( UBaseType_t uxMaxCount,
Creates a counting semaphore
and returns a handle by which the newly created semaphore can be referenced.
must be set to 1 in FreeRTOSConfig.h, or left undefined (in which case it will
default to 1), for this RTOS API function to be available.
Each counting semaphore require a small amount of RAM that is used to hold the
semaphore's state. If a counting semaphore is created using xSemaphoreCreateCounting()
then the required RAM is automatically allocated from the FreeRTOS heap.
If a counting semaphore is created using xSemaphoreCreateCountingStatic()
then the RAM is provided by the application writer, which requires an additional
parameter, but allows the RAM to be statically allocated at compile
time. See the Static Vs
Dynamic allocation page for more information.
Counting semaphores are typically used for two things:
In this usage scenario an event handler will 'give' a semaphore each time
an event occurs (incrementing the semaphore count value), and a handler
task will 'take' a semaphore each time it processes an event
(decrementing the semaphore count value). The count value is therefore
the difference between the number of events that have occurred and the
number that have been processed. In this case it is desirable for the
initial count value to be zero.
Note the same functionality can often be achieved in a more efficient way
using a direct to task notification.
In this usage scenario the count value indicates the number of resources
available. To obtain control of a resource a task must first obtain a
semaphore - decrementing the semaphore count value. When the count value
reaches zero there are no free resources. When a task finishes with the
resource it 'gives' the semaphore back - incrementing the semaphore count
value. In this case it is desirable for the initial count value to be
equal to the maximum count value, indicating that all resources are free.
The maximum count value that can be reached. When the semaphore reaches this value it can no longer be 'given'.
The count value assigned to the semaphore when it is created.
If the semaphore is created successfully then a handle to the semaphore
is returned. If the semaphore cannot be created because the RAM required
to hold the semaphore cannot be allocated
then NULL is returned.
void vATask( void * pvParameters )
/* Create a counting semaphore that has a maximum count of 10 and an
initial count of 0. */
xSemaphore = xSemaphoreCreateCounting( 10, 0 );
if( xSemaphore != NULL )
/* The semaphore was created successfully. */
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